2. Z. Warhaftig - On Precedent in Jewish Law
3. D. Gordis - Precedent, rules and ethics in halakhic jurisprudence
In my earlier post, I had forgotten to bring the most important proponent of the "precedent school of thought". R' Yonosan Eibschutz in Urim V' tumim (Kitzur Takfu Kohen 48b of the Hebrewbooks.org edition) writes:
Cf. the Kaymu V' Kiblu Kol Chachmeio Hador - to the similar term used by R' Moshe. His earlier comments on the same page are also very relevant. Note particularly his comment on the difficulty of deciding what the majority opinion is since many of the Rishonim are still in manuscript.